electricity market

Participation in the 31st European Conference on Operational Research.

Last July 21th, the work "Multistage Scenario Trees Generation for Electricity Markets Optimization" was presentated at the 31st European Conference on Operational Research  in an invited session of the stream "Stochastic and Robust Optimization". This study is a result of the PH.D. Thesis of Ms. Marlyn D. Cuadrado on scenarios trees generation for multistage stochastic programming in optimal electricity bid problems.

Multistage Scenario Trees Generation for Electricity Markets Optimization

Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsMarlyn Dayana Cuadrado Guevara; F.-Javier Heredia
Conference Name31st European Conference on Operational Research.
Conference Date11-14/07/2021
Conference LocationAthens
Type of WorkInvited presentation
ISBN NumberISBN 978-618-85079-1-3
Key Wordsresearch; multistage stochastich programming; virtual power plants; electricity markets; scenarios tree generation
AbstractThe presence of renewables in electricity markets optimization have generated a high level of uncertainty in the data, which has led to a need for applying stochastic optimization to model this kind of problems. In this work, we apply Multistage Stochastic Programming (MSP) using scenario trees to represent energy prices and wind power generation. We developed a methodology of two phases where, in the first phase, a procedure to predict the next day for each random parameter of the MSP models is used, and, in the second phase, a set of scenario trees are built through Forward Tree Construction Algorithm (FTCA) and a modified Dynamic Tree Generation with a Flexible Bushiness Algorithm (DTGFBA). This methodology was used to generate scenario trees for the Multistage Stochastic Wind Battery Virtual Power Plant model (MSWBVPP model), which were based on MIBEL prices and wind power generation of a real wind farm in Spain. In addition, we solved three di erent case studies corresponding to three di erent hypotheses on the virtual power plant’s participation in electricity markets. Finally, we study the relative performance of the FTCA and DTGFBA scenario trees, analysing the value of the stochastic solution through the Forecasted Value of the Stochastic Solution (FVSS) and the classical VSS for the 366 daily instances of the MSWBVPP problem spanning a complete year.
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Ph D. Thesis on multistage scenario tree generation for renewable energies.

 On November 30th 2020 took place the defense of the Ph.D. Thesis entittled "Multistage Scenario Trees Generation for Renewable Energy Systems Optimization", authored by Ms. Marlyn D. Cuadrado Guevara and advised by prof. F.-Javier Heredia. In this thesis a new methodology to generate and validate probability scenario trees for multistage stochastic programming problems arising in two different energy systems with renewables are proposed. The first problem corresponds to the optimal bid to electricity markets of a virtual power plant that consists on a wind-power plant plus a battery storage energy systems. The second one is the optimal operation of a distribution grid with some photovoltaic production.

Multistage Scenario Trees Generation for Renewable Energy Systems Optimization

Publication TypeThesis
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsMarlyn Dayana Cuadrado Guevara
Academic DepartmentDept. of Statistics and Operations Research. Prof. F.-Javier Heredia, advisor.
Number of Pages194
UniversityUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTech
CityBarcelona
DegreePhD Thesis
Key Wordsresearch; Battery energy storage systems; Electricity markets; Ancillary services market; Wind power generation; Virtual power plants; Multistage Stochastic programming; phd thesis
AbstractThe presence of renewables in energy systems optimization have generated a high level of uncertainty in the data, which has led to a need for applying stochastic optimization to modelling problems with this characteristic. The method followed in this thesis is Multistage Stochastic Programming (MSP). Central to MSP is the idea of representing uncertainty (which, in this case, is modelled with a stochastic process) using scenario trees. In this thesis, we developed a methodology that starts with available historical data; generates a set of scenarios for each random variable of the MSP model; defines individual scenarios that are used to build the initial stochastic process (as a fan or an initial scenario tree); and builds the final scenario trees that are the approximation of the stochastic process.
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New paper published in Applied Energy

 The paper entittled Critical evaluation of European balancing markets to enable the participation of Demand Aggregators has been published in Applied Energy This paper has been done in collaboration with the Institute for Energy Research of Catalonia (IREC). This study analyzes barriers and enablers of four European electricity markets and proposes a new market framework that would enhance Demand Aggregators' participation. Main barriers for Demand Aggregators have been identified and analyzed and a regulation scheme is proposed to enable Demand Aggregators participation. According to our results, small tertiary building aggregation is still not economic viable but existing municipal retailers could consider to extend their operations to Demand Aggregation.

 

Critical evaluation of European balancing markets to enable the participation of Demand Aggregators

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsMattia Barbero; Cristina Corchero; Lluc Canals; Lucia Igualada; F.-Javier Heredia
Journal TitleApplied Energy
Volume264
Journal Date04/2020
PublisherElsevier
ISSN Number0306-2619/
Key WordsDemand Aggregator; Regulatory framework; Ancillary Services; Demand Response; Tertiary building management; research; paper
AbstractEuropean Directives are incentivizing consumers to play an active role in the electricity system and to collaborate to maintain its stability, which has been historically provided by large generation power plants. However, it is not easy for the System Operator to handle the coexistence of consumers and generators in the same markets. Under these circumstances, a new actor allows small residential and commercial consumers to participate in flexibility markets: The Demand Aggregator. However, balancing markets opened to Demand Aggregators still present several barriers that do not allow their practical participation. This study analyzes barriers and enablers of four European electricity markets and proposes a new market framework that would enhance Demand Aggregators’ participation. To validate the proposed market and to understand the economic potentials of aggregated small tertiary buildings, a Demand Aggregator is simulated using real building’s consumption data. Results show that technical requirements to participate in balancing markets such as the minimum bid size, the symmetricity of the offer and the product resolution strongly affect incomes for Demand Aggregators. However, neither in the proposed market, the creation of a Demand Aggregator whose business model is focused on small tertiary buildings does not seem realistic due to low incomes in comparison to the fixed costs necessary to enable Demand Response, especially if only the air conditioning system is considered.
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DOI10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.114707
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Generació d’arbres d’escenaris per a problemes d’oferta òptima en mercats d’electricitat

Publication TypeTesis de Grau i Màster // BSc and MSc Thesis
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsRoger Serra Castilla
DirectorF.- Javier Heredia; Marlyn D. Cuadrado
Tipus de tesiBSc Thesis
TitulacióGrau en Estadística
CentreFacultat de matemàtiques i Estadística
Data defensa01/2019
Nota // mark9.0
Key Wordsteaching; scenario generation; scenario trees; electricity markets; BSc Thesis
AbstractThe electricity markets (EM) is a regulated system which allows producers and consumers to sell and buy energy at a given price that is fixed through an auction mechanism. Thanks to the tasks done by this system, the safe generation, transportation and distribution of electricity needed to satisfy the demand of the national population is assured. The electricity markets is made up of several markets, that can be considered either spot markets (day-ahead and intraday markets, whose trading commodity is energy) or ancillary services markets (the commodity negotiated is energy used to assure the stability of the energy delivering). On the other hand, interacting with the EM there is a wind power plant (WPP) which is in charge of the wind power energy production. A battery energy storage system (BESS) is usually associated to the WPP. The union of the WPP and the BESS is called virtual power plant (VPP). In this context, an optimization model can be presented: the WBVPP model (WPP+BESS Virtual Power Plant). The aim of this optimization model is the maximization of the expected value of the total profit of the VPP. To calculate this value, it is necessary to quantify the amount of wind power energy that fluctuates between the VPP and the EM, as well as the clearing prices of the auctions. The main purpose of this project is to obtain scenario trees using a dynamic generation algorithm in order to satisfy the need to solve, in a reasonable period of time, complex optimization problems of optimal supply of wind power plants in electricity markets. The scenarios trees that are going to be obtained include information regarding the production of wind power energy and the clearing prices of the auctions of the different studied electricity markets. In this study a scenario tree generation algorithm is presented, together with all the theoretical background needed to understand and assure a correct implementation of it, as well as the definition of the different agents that perform in the context of electricity markets. In addition to that, some data will be applied to this algorithm in order to obtain a representation of the scenario trees and to understand the interpretation of them.
DOI / handlehttp://hdl.handle.net/2445/128065
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A multistage stochastic programming model for the optimal bid of a wind producer

Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsF.-Javier Heredia; Marlyn D. Cuadrado; J.-Anton Sánchez
Conference Name23th International Symposium on Mathematical Programming
Conference Date01-06/07/2018
Conference LocationBordeaux
Type of Workcontributed presentation
Key Wordsresearch; Battery energy storage systems; Electricity markets; Ancillary services market; Wind power generation; Virtual power plants; Stochastic programming
AbstractAbstract: Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) can be used by wind producers to improve the operation of wind power plants (WPP) in electricity markets. Associating a wind power plant with a BESS (the so-called Virtual Power Plant (VPP)) provides utilities with a tool that converts uncertain wind power production into a dispatchable technology that can operate not only in spot and adjustment markets (day-ahead and intraday markets) but also in ancillary services markets that, up to now, were forbidden to non-dispatchable technologies. We present in this study a multi-stage stochastic programming model to find the optimal operation of a VPP in the day-ahead, intraday and secondary reserve markets while taking into account uncertainty in wind power generation and clearing prices (day-ahead, secondary reserve, intraday markets and system imbalances). A new forecasting procedure for the random variables involved in stochastic programming model has been developed. The forecasting model is based on Time Factor Series Analysis (TFSA) and gives suitable results while reducing the dimensionality of the forecasting mode. The quality of the scenario trees generated using the TFSA forecasting models with real electricity markets and wind production data has been analysed through multistage VSS.
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New paper published in Computers and Operations Research

 The work On optimal participation in the electricity markets of wind power plants with battery energy storage systems  has been published in the journal Computers and Operations Research.  We present in this study a multi-stage stochastic programming model to find the optimal operation of a VPP in the day-ahead, intraday and secondary reserve markets hile taking into account uncertainty in wind power generation and clearing prices (day-ahead, secondary reserve, intraday markets and system imbalances). A case study with real data from the Iberian electricity market is presented. Preprint available at http://hdl.handle.net/2117/118479

On optimal participation in the electricity markets of wind power plants with battery energy storage systems

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsF.-Javier Heredia; Marlyn D. Cuadrado; Cristina Corchero
Journal TitleComputers and Operations Research
Volume96
Pages316-329
Journal Date08/2018
PublisherElsevier
ISSN Number0305-0548
Key Wordsresearch; Battery energy storage systems; Electricity markets; Ancillary services market; Wind power generation; Virtual power plants; Stochastic programming; paper
AbstractThe recent cost reduction and technological advances in medium- to large-scale battery energy storage systems (BESS) makes these devices a true alternative for wind producers operating in electricity markets. Associating a wind power farm with a BESS (the so-called virtual power plant (VPP)) provides utilities with a tool that converts uncertain wind power production into a dispatchable technology that can operate not only in spot and adjustment markets (day-ahead and intraday markets) but also in ancillary services markets that, up to now, were forbidden to non-dispatchable technologies. What is more, recent studies have shown capital cost investment in BESS can be recovered only by means of such a VPP participating in the ancillary services markets. We present in this study a multi-stage stochastic programming model to find the optimal operation of a VPP in the day-ahead, intraday and secondary reserve markets while taking into account uncertainty in wind power generation and clearing prices (day-ahead, secondary reserve, intraday markets and system imbalances). A case study with real data from the Iberian electricity market is presented.
URLClick Here
DOI10.1016/j.cor.2018.03.004
Preprinthttp://hdl.handle.net/2117/118479
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