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Multistage Scenario Trees Generation for Electricity Markets Optimization

Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsMarlyn Dayana Cuadrado Guevara; F.-Javier Heredia
Conference Name31st European Conference on Operational Research.
Conference Date11-14/07/2021
Conference LocationAthens
Type of WorkInvited presentation
ISBN NumberISBN 978-618-85079-1-3
Key Wordsresearch; multistage stochastich programming; virtual power plants; electricity markets; scenarios tree generation
AbstractThe presence of renewables in electricity markets optimization have generated a high level of uncertainty in the data, which has led to a need for applying stochastic optimization to model this kind of problems. In this work, we apply Multistage Stochastic Programming (MSP) using scenario trees to represent energy prices and wind power generation. We developed a methodology of two phases where, in the first phase, a procedure to predict the next day for each random parameter of the MSP models is used, and, in the second phase, a set of scenario trees are built through Forward Tree Construction Algorithm (FTCA) and a modified Dynamic Tree Generation with a Flexible Bushiness Algorithm (DTGFBA). This methodology was used to generate scenario trees for the Multistage Stochastic Wind Battery Virtual Power Plant model (MSWBVPP model), which were based on MIBEL prices and wind power generation of a real wind farm in Spain. In addition, we solved three di erent case studies corresponding to three di erent hypotheses on the virtual power plant’s participation in electricity markets. Finally, we study the relative performance of the FTCA and DTGFBA scenario trees, analysing the value of the stochastic solution through the Forecasted Value of the Stochastic Solution (FVSS) and the classical VSS for the 366 daily instances of the MSWBVPP problem spanning a complete year.
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Multistage Scenario Trees Generation for Renewable Energy Systems Optimization

Publication TypeThesis
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsMarlyn Dayana Cuadrado Guevara
Academic DepartmentDept. of Statistics and Operations Research. Prof. F.-Javier Heredia, advisor.
Number of Pages194
UniversityUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTech
CityBarcelona
DegreePhD Thesis
Key Wordsresearch; Battery energy storage systems; Electricity markets; Ancillary services market; Wind power generation; Virtual power plants; Multistage Stochastic programming; phd thesis
AbstractThe presence of renewables in energy systems optimization have generated a high level of uncertainty in the data, which has led to a need for applying stochastic optimization to modelling problems with this characteristic. The method followed in this thesis is Multistage Stochastic Programming (MSP). Central to MSP is the idea of representing uncertainty (which, in this case, is modelled with a stochastic process) using scenario trees. In this thesis, we developed a methodology that starts with available historical data; generates a set of scenarios for each random variable of the MSP model; defines individual scenarios that are used to build the initial stochastic process (as a fan or an initial scenario tree); and builds the final scenario trees that are the approximation of the stochastic process.
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A multistage stochastic programming model for the optimal bid of a wind producer

Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsF.-Javier Heredia; Marlyn D. Cuadrado; J.-Anton Sánchez
Conference Name23th International Symposium on Mathematical Programming
Conference Date01-06/07/2018
Conference LocationBordeaux
Type of Workcontributed presentation
Key Wordsresearch; Battery energy storage systems; Electricity markets; Ancillary services market; Wind power generation; Virtual power plants; Stochastic programming
AbstractAbstract: Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) can be used by wind producers to improve the operation of wind power plants (WPP) in electricity markets. Associating a wind power plant with a BESS (the so-called Virtual Power Plant (VPP)) provides utilities with a tool that converts uncertain wind power production into a dispatchable technology that can operate not only in spot and adjustment markets (day-ahead and intraday markets) but also in ancillary services markets that, up to now, were forbidden to non-dispatchable technologies. We present in this study a multi-stage stochastic programming model to find the optimal operation of a VPP in the day-ahead, intraday and secondary reserve markets while taking into account uncertainty in wind power generation and clearing prices (day-ahead, secondary reserve, intraday markets and system imbalances). A new forecasting procedure for the random variables involved in stochastic programming model has been developed. The forecasting model is based on Time Factor Series Analysis (TFSA) and gives suitable results while reducing the dimensionality of the forecasting mode. The quality of the scenario trees generated using the TFSA forecasting models with real electricity markets and wind production data has been analysed through multistage VSS.
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On optimal participation in the electricity markets of wind power plants with battery energy storage systems

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsF.-Javier Heredia; Marlyn D. Cuadrado; Cristina Corchero
Journal TitleComputers and Operations Research
Volume96
Pages316-329
Journal Date08/2018
PublisherElsevier
ISSN Number0305-0548
Key Wordsresearch; Battery energy storage systems; Electricity markets; Ancillary services market; Wind power generation; Virtual power plants; Stochastic programming; paper
AbstractThe recent cost reduction and technological advances in medium- to large-scale battery energy storage systems (BESS) makes these devices a true alternative for wind producers operating in electricity markets. Associating a wind power farm with a BESS (the so-called virtual power plant (VPP)) provides utilities with a tool that converts uncertain wind power production into a dispatchable technology that can operate not only in spot and adjustment markets (day-ahead and intraday markets) but also in ancillary services markets that, up to now, were forbidden to non-dispatchable technologies. What is more, recent studies have shown capital cost investment in BESS can be recovered only by means of such a VPP participating in the ancillary services markets. We present in this study a multi-stage stochastic programming model to find the optimal operation of a VPP in the day-ahead, intraday and secondary reserve markets while taking into account uncertainty in wind power generation and clearing prices (day-ahead, secondary reserve, intraday markets and system imbalances). A case study with real data from the Iberian electricity market is presented.
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DOI10.1016/j.cor.2018.03.004
Preprinthttp://hdl.handle.net/2117/118479
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A Multistage Stochastic Programming Model for the Optimal Bid of Wind-BESS Virtual Power Plants to Electricity Markets

Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsF.-Javier Heredia; Marlyn D. Cuadrado; J.-Anton Sánchez
Conference Name4th International Conference on Optimization Methods and Software 2017
Conference Date16-21/12/2017
Conference LocationLa Havana
Type of WorkInvited presentation
Key Wordsmultistage; VSS; wind-BESS VPP; wind power; energy storage; battery; research
AbstractOne of the objectives of the FOWGEN project (https://fowgem.upc.edu) was to study the economic feasibility and optimal operation of a wind-BESS Virtual Power Plant (VPP): In [1] an ex-post economic analysis shows the economic viability of a wind-BESS VPP thanks to the optimal operation in day-ahead and ancillary electricity markets; In [2] a new multi-stage stochastic programming model (WBVPP)for the optimal bid of a wind producer both in spot and ancillary services electricity markets is developed. The work presented here extends the study in [2] with a new methodology to treat the uncertainty, based in forecasting models, and the study of the quality of the stochastic solution. [1] F-Javier Heredia et al. Economic analysis of battery electric storage systems operating in electricity markets 12th International Conference on the European Energy Market (EEM15), 2015 DOI: 10.1109/EEM.2015.7216739. [2] F-Javier Heredia et al. On optimal participation in the electricity markets of wind power plants with battery energy storage system. Submitted, under second revision. 2017.
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On the optimal participation in electricity markets of wind power plants with battery energy storage systems

Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsF.-Javier Heredia; Cristina Corchero; Marlyn D. Cuadrado
Conference Name28th European Conference on Operational Research
Series TitleConference Handbook
Pagination322
Conference Date3-6/07/2016
Conference LocationPoznan, Poland
Type of Workcontributed presentation.
Key Wordsresearch; VPP; wind generation; battery energy storage system; stochastic programming; electricity market; optimal bid
AbstractThe recent cost reduction and technologic advances in medium to large scale Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) makes these devices a real choice alternative for wind producers operating in electricity markets. The association of a wind power farm with a BESS (the so called Virtual Power Plant VPP) provides utilities with a tool to turn the uncertainty wind power production into a dispatchable technology enabled to operate not only in the spot and adjustment markets (day-ahead and intraday markets) but also in ancillary services markets that, up to now, was forbidden to non-dispatchable technologies. Even more, recent studies have shown that the capital cost investment in BESS can only be recovered through the participation of such a VPP in the ancillary services markets. We present in this study a stochastic programming model to find the optimal participation of a VPP to the day-ahead market and secondary reserve markets (the most relevant ancillary service market) where the uncertainty in wind power generation and markets prices (day-ahead ancillary services) has been considered. A case study with real data from the Iberian Electricity Market is presented.
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A stochastic programming model for the tertiary control of microgrids

Publication TypeProceedings Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsLeire Citores; Cristina Corchero; F.-Javier Heredia
Conference Name12th International Conference on the European Energy Market (EEM15)
Pagination1-6
Conference Start Date19-22/05/2015
PublisherIEEE
Conference LocationLisbon, Portugal.
ISBN Number978-1-4673-6691-5
Key WordsMicrogrids; Optimization; Production; Stochastic processes; Uncertainty; Wind power generation; Wind speed; energy system optimization; microgrid; scenario generation; stochastic programming; paper; research
AbstractIn this work a scenario-based two-stage stochastic programming model is proposed to solve a microgrid's tertiary control optimization problem taking into account some renewable energy resource's uncertainty as well as uncertain energy deviation prices in the electricity market. Scenario generation methods for wind speed realizations are also studied. Results show that the introduction of stochastic programming represents a significant improvement over a deterministic model.
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DOI10.1109/EEM.2015.7216761
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A stochastic programming model for the tertiary control of microgrids

Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsLeire Citores; Cristina Corchero; F.-Javier Heredia
Conference Name12th International Conference on the European Energy Market
Conference Date19-22/05/2015
Conference LocationLisbon, Portugal
Type of Workcontributed presentation
Key Wordsresearch; MTM2013-48462-C2-1; microgrid; stochastic programming; scenario generation; wind power
AbstractIn this work a scenario-based two-stage stochastic programming model is proposed to solve a microgrid’s tertiary control optimization problem taking into account some renewable energy resource’s uncertainty as well as uncertain energy deviation prices in the electricity market. Scenario generation methods for wind speed realizations are also studied. Results show that the introduction of stochastic programming represents a significant improvement over a deterministic model.
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